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Forms | Displays
Rooms | Patron
Computer Use |
Youth Safety Policy | User
Behavior Policy |
Eating, Drinking and
Smoking | Access of Demonstrators,
Solicitors and Petitioners ...
Development Policy (Materials Selection Policy)
August 11, 2003
Purpose Of The Library In Collection
with this library's mission statement, the purpose of the
Edith Abbott Memorial Library is to provide information, serve
leisure needs, contribute to education, encourage the
development of reading skills and habits, develop an educated
workforce and society, and further democratic traditions.
Although emphasis is placed on reading materials, the library
provides a variety of communication formats.
library is supported by the taxpayers of the City of
voluntary contributions to the Grand Island Public Library
Foundation, Inc.; and its materials are made available to
residents of all ages on an equal basis. It provides a broad
range of general interest materials, offering access to a
variety of points of view on topics of current significance
and long-term value. A balance is maintained between
informational and leisure materials, popular works and those
of lasting value.
to use tax dollars effectively, the library attempts to
minimize overlap with other publicly accessible libraries and
materials, the library is guided by the American Library
Association's Library Bill of Rights and the principles
outlined in the Freedom to Read and Freedom to View statements
of the American Library Association (attached).
library attempts to meet the needs of the total community,
recognizing that some materials may be viewed as controversial
by individual citizens. It is the responsibility of the
individual library user to select those materials which suit
his/her tastes. Supervising the use of library materials is
the responsibility of the parent or guardian, not of the
materials are not marked or identified to show approval or
disapproval of the contents, and no materials are sequestered,
except for the purpose of protecting them from injury or
responsibility for materials selection rests with the Library
Director who operates within the frame-work of policies
determined by the Library
The Director may delegate this authority to staff members in
their various areas of responsibility. In the event of a
formal request for reconsideration of materials, the ultimate
decision rests with the Library
must be considered in terms of their own merit and intended
audience. A variety of aids are considered prior to selection,
including standard review sources, bibliographies, publishers'
catalogs, direct examination, and patron requests. All
selections must meet at least some of the following criteria
to be considered for selection:
1. Needs and interests of the library's users and anticipated
Value of the material for information, recreation, or
Contemporary significance or permanent value.
Authority of author.
Relation of work to existing collection and balance of
viewpoints expressed in the collection.
Price, format, and ease of use.
Scarcity of information in subject area.
Availability of material elsewhere in the community.
Vitality and originality of thought.
library attempts to fulfill most of the information needs of
the community, but it is not an in-depth research library.
Textbooks are the province of school libraries and are
included in the collection only when the best current
information on a topic cannot be found elsewhere.
copies are provided based on staff assessment of current and
future needs and space and budget limitations.
maintain a useful and attractive collection, materials may be
repaired or rebound; or removed from the library when they
become badly worn or damaged, out-of-date, or unused. Final
responsibility for removal of these materials, and the manner
of disposition, rests with the Library Director. The Director
may delegate this authority to staff members in their various
areas of responsibility.
of specific items are made where the materials are of
continuing interest. General collection development to
replenish subject and interest areas is undertaken in
accordance with the selection criteria stated in this policy.
Of Materials; Memorials and Donations
Gift materials are subject to the same selection
principles which govern purchased materials.
Library retains unconditional ownership of gifts, with the
following exception. Donors may request that materials not
added to the collection be held for them to retrieve,
providing that they attach notice of such on each potential
gift, along with their name and telephone number in order to
responsibility for use, condition of display, housing, access
to, or disposition of such gifts rests with the Library
Director. The Director may delegate this authority to staff
members in their various areas of responsibility. Gifts not
added to the library collection will be provided to the Grand
Island Public Library Friends Group for their book sale.
acknowledgment letter will be sent to the donor upon request.
Appraisal of gifts for tax purposes is to be the
responsibility of the donor, however.
B. Monetary gifts to the library for memorials or
donations are accepted through the Grand Island Public Library
Foundation. Conditional gifts require Foundation
for specific titles or subjects are subject to the same
principles which govern other purchased materials. Every
attempt will be made to accommodate donors' wishes. However,
final responsibility for selections of materials with such
gifts, as well as condition of display, housing, access to, or
eventual disposition rests with the Library Director. The
Director may delegate this authority to staff members in their
various areas of responsibility.
will be sent to the donor and appropriate memorial or
Foundation plaques attached to items when purchased.
The proceeds from memorials and small monetary gifts will be
spent in a timely manner. Larger gifts may be added to the
principal of the Foundation, with accumulated interest used
for periodic purchases of materials or items of use to the
library; or if the donor requests, for use of the entire gift
for timely purchases of materials or items.
users wishing to have specific items removed from the
collection should use a Request for Reconsideration form, which may be obtained by contacting the Library
Director. Upon completion
of this form, and return to the Library Director, the request
will be considered by the
with the Library Bill of Rights, this policy is guided by the
following interpretation, which has been adopted by the
American Library Association: "Challenged materials which
meet the criteria for selection in the materials selection
policy of the library should not be removed under any legal or
Supportive documents such as the Library Bill of Rights can
be found in the Appendix.
on Confidentiality of Library Records
September 17, 2007
State Statute 84-712.05 (10) 1 and the Grand Island
Public Library protect the privacy of library users.
Confidentiality extends to all of the library's
materials and services, including information sought or
received, and materials consulted, borrowed, or acquired or
transmitted, and includes database search records, reference
interviews, interlibrary loan records, use of library
computers, and all other personally identifiable uses of
library materials, facilities, or services.
records will not be made available to any agency of state,
federal, or local government except in pursuant to such
process, order, or subpoena as may be authorized under the
authority of a federal, state, or local law relating to civil,
criminal, or administrative discovery procedures or
legislative investigative power.
All library staff members are to refer any request for
such records to the Library Director.
Upon receipt of such process, order, or subpoena, the
Library Director will inform the
consult with the City Attorney's Office to determine if such
process, order, or subpoena is in proper form and if there is
a showing of good cause for issuance.
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate
Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (USA
PATRIOT Act) became law on
Under Section 215 of the act, the Federal Bureau of
Investigation (FBI) and law enforcement officials may seek
court orders from the Foreign Intelligence Security Act (FISA)
Court for Library records for investigations relevant to
national security or terrorism without the necessity of
demonstrating probable cause.
The act prohibits any person or institution served with
these search warrants from disclosing the existence of the
warrants or the fact that records were produced as a result of
the warrants. Patrons
cannot be told their records were given to law enforcement
agencies or that they were the subjects of FBI investigations.
help ensure the confidentiality of library records, patrons
are advised to keep their library cards in a secure place, to
bring them when visiting the library, to have them on hand
when conducting library business over the phone, to report the
loss of a library card immediately to the Grand Island Public
Library, and to not allow others to use their cards and PIN
transactional data collected by the library through RFID or
other technologies is subject to this policy. The library
ensures that no personal information is recorded on RFID tags
or other devices which, however, may contain a variety of
transactional data; that data is protected by reasonable
security safeguards against interpretation by any unauthorized
third party; that all relevant federal, state, and local laws
as well as industry best practices and policies are followed;
and that the above can be verifiable by an independent audit.
problems or conditions relating to the privacy of a library
user's personal data as recorded by the Grand Island Public
Library which are not provided for in this policy statement
shall be referred to the Library Director. A decision on the
problem shall be made after study of the issues and
consultation with the
the privacy of library users is protected by this policy, all
library users are subject to the library's User Behavior
Policy, which governs each user's exhibited behavior while
on library grounds, and states in part that "Any behavior or
activity deemed illegal by local, state or national statutes
shall constitute grounds for immediate contact with the police
84-712.05. Records which may be withheld from the public;
following records, unless publicly disclosed in an open court,
open administrative proceeding, or open meeting or disclosed
by a public entity pursuant to its duties, may be withheld
from the public by the lawful custodian of the records:
or portions of records kept by a publicly funded library
which, when examined with or without other records, reveal the
identity of any library patron using the library's materials
on Distribution of Tax Forms
January 6, 1997
The Grand Island Public Library provides a convenient location
for distribution of many tax forms and publications. This distribution
service does not replace the services of the Internal Revenue
Service, however. There may be times that the tax form distribution
services of the library are not sufficient to meet the public's
need for certain forms or publications. Information about how
to request items from the Internal Revenue Service and other
distribution locations, including the State Department of Revenue
office, will be made available to the public. In addition, Library
staff members are not authorized to issue tax advice.
on Library-Initiated Displays
February 3, 1992
In order to fulfill its mission of meeting the informational,
recreational, and educational needs of the community, it is
necessary to effectively convey those services and resources
to the public by providing an inviting and attractive atmosphere
in the library. Library-initiated displays are an effective
and essential component of the library's mission.
Final responsibility for library-initiated displays rests with
the Library Director who operates within the frame-work of policies
determined by the Library Board of Trustees. The Director may
delegate this authority to staff members in their various areas
Categories of library-initiated displays may include, but are
not limited, to the following:
1. Current topics.
2. Items of community interest.
3. Promotions of literacy and the freedom to read.
4. Promotion of library activities, services and resources.
5. Seasonal displays.
It is the intention of library-initiated displays to inform,
educate and entertain library patrons, not to indicate the Library's
approval or disapproval of the ideas expressed in these displays.
The library attempts to meet the needs of the total community
through these displays, recognizing that some displayed materials
may be viewed as controversial by individual citizens. It is
the responsibility of the individual library user to make use
of displays and materials in these displays which suit his/her
As part of
its service to the community, the Grand Island Public Library
provides meeting room spaces for use by cultural groups and
neighborhood and civic organizations.
Meeting room space is made available by the library
"on an equitable basis, regardless of the beliefs or
affiliations of individuals or groups requesting their use."
(Article 6, Library Bill of Rights).
Meetings must be for purposes consistent with the
objectives and goals of the Library.
These include meeting community information needs,
individual enrichment, and the support of the educational,
cultural, civic and recreational activities of the community.
Use of library space may be subject to the approval of
the widest possible use of library meeting rooms by nonprofit
community groups and government agencies as long as this use
does not interfere with the normal functions of the library.
must be free and open to the general public at all times.
following uses of meeting rooms are not permitted:
Programs involving the sale, advertising, promotion of
commercial products or services, or programs sponsored by
a business firm, regardless of purpose, except for Library
sponsored events (subject to
Political campaign purposes other than debates with all
candidates having the opportunity to participate
Private social events
Worship services held as part of a faith's regular religious regimen and bearing no relationship to a specific civic purpose.
fee, registration fee, donation or monetary solicitation may
be sought from
attendees, with the following exceptions (subject to
schedule a meeting room, a group representative should fill
out a meeting room application form.
It will be kept on file, and later reservations may be
made by phone. Meeting
rooms may be booked one month in advance. Multiple bookings
are not allowed, with the following exceptions:
Federal, state and local
rooms are scheduled on a first come, first serve basis.
Additional furniture and AV equipment is available upon
advance request. Library
programs will receive first consideration in scheduling
must be held during regular library hours and must end on time
so the room can be cleared or prepared for other meetings. The
meeting rooms must be vacated at least 10 minutes before
staff should be notified in advance of cancellations.
who use the library rooms may serve light refreshments when
their plan to do so has been pre-approved by the library.
(Note: alcoholic beverages are prohibited)
group is responsible for leaving the room in the condition in
which it was found.
agree to abide by all regulations of the library relating to
the use of the facilities and accept responsibility for all
damages caused to the building and/or equipment beyond normal
to use a Library meeting room does not imply Library
endorsement of the aims, policies, or activities of any group
August 11, 2003
vital partners in the provision of excellent library services.
Patrons should have the opportunity to offer suggestions or
express concerns about services, procedures, and policies in a
manner that will ensure that these concerns can be fully and
effectively addressed by the library staff and/or board.
should be implemented to allow patrons the ability to provide
unsolicited suggestions or concerns.
addition, library staff members will, from time to time,
explain services, procedures and policies to inquiring
patrons. Patrons having suggestions or concerns about these
procedures and policies will be asked by staff members to
register their comments in accordance with adopted procedures.
suggestions or concerns will be delivered by library staff
members to the director, and as appropriate from the director
the effective operations of the library, patrons may express
their suggestions and concerns in the above manner, but will
not be allowed to exhibit disruptive or abusive behavior to
staff members or the public, or be destructive of library
exhibiting such behavior will be informed that their concerns
will be addressed only through adopted procedures.
desist will result in a warning to patrons that they will be
denied service and will have to leave the library if their
disruption or abuse will result in actual denial of service
and rejection from the library.
this subsequent action fails, library staff will have the
authority to contact the police department for resolution of
Access Computers/Electronic Databases and the Internet Acceptable
May 8, 2006
its history, the Grand Island Public Library has made
information available in a variety of formats. Integrating
electronic resources with the library's many other resources
allows access to ideas, information and commentary not readily
available in print form. The provision of public access
computers as well as electronic databases and access to the
Internet are all in keeping with this library's mission, to
meet the informational, recreational, and educational needs of
users of electronic information resources are expected to use
these resources in a responsible manner consistent with the
above stated mission and with the Children's Internet
Protection Act (CIPA) through
compliance by a federally-determined
July 1, 2004
Library has installed filtering software on all library computers with Internet access,
and will enforce the operation of same during any use of those
computers, to prevent minors from accessing visual depictions
that are (1) obscene, (2) child pornography or (3) harmful to
The term "harmful to minors" is defined by the
Communications Act of 1934 (47 USC Section 254 [h], as
meaning any picture, image, or graphic image file, or other
visual depiction that
as a whole and with respect to minors, appeals to a
prurient interest in nudity, sex, or excretion;
describes, or represents, in a patently offensive way with
respect to what is suitable for minors, an actual or
simulated sexual contact, actual or simulated normal or
perverted sexual acts, or a lewd exhibition of the
as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political,
or scientific value as to minors.
Filtering software is not foolproof.
It diminishes the likelihood that searchers will
inadvertently retrieve text or images that they may find
offensive, but does not eliminate that possibility.
Filters often block access to sites that users would
consider both inoffensive and useful.
If you do not find what you need, please do not hesitate to
ask a librarian for help.
Technology protection measures may be disabled by a
library staff member, as necessary, for bona fide research or
other lawful purposes by people aged 17 and older.
Safety/Unacceptable Uses of Computers
Among the uses that are considered unacceptable and which
constitute a violation of this policy are the following:
that violate the law or encourage others to violate the
of offensive or harassing messages; offering for sale or
use any substance the possession or use of which is
prohibited by law; viewing, transmitting or downloading
pornographic materials or materials that encourage others
to violate the law; downloading or transmitting
confidential, trade secret information, or copyrighted
if materials on the networks are not marked with the
copyright symbol, users should assume that all materials
are protected unless there is explicit permission on the
materials to use them.
that cause harm to others or damage to their property.
Engaging in defamation (harming another's
reputation by lies); uploading a worm, virus, "trojan
horse", "time bomb" or other harmful form of
programming or vandalism; participating in "hacking"
activities or any form of unauthorized access to other
computers, networks, or information systems.
that jeopardize the security of access of the computer
network or other networks on the Internet.
Disclosing or sharing the user's password with
others; impersonating another user; using one's own
software programs on the Library's computers; altering
the Library's computer settings; damaging or modifying
computer equipment or software.
that compromise the safety and security of minors when
using e-mail, chat rooms and other forms of direct
Minors under age 17:
Giving others private information about one's
self or others, including credit card numbers and social
security numbers; arranging a face-to-face meeting with
someone one has "met" on the computer network or
Internet without a parent's permission.
that Violate Confidentiality of
Information in accordance with this Library's
Policy of Confidentiality of Library Records.
staff will not monitor a user's Internet use, except for
length of use in order to ensure equal opportunity of access
for everyone. The
user, or the parent of a minor, is responsible for his or her
Internet session at all times.
Library reserves the right to terminate an Internet session
that disrupts Library services or that involves user behavior
that violates the Library's policies.
with all Library resources, the Library affirms the right and
responsibility of parents/guardians, NOT Library staff, to
determine and monitor their minor child's use of the
are defined in this policy as children and young people under
the age of 17 years). Parents
are responsible for their minor children's use of the
Library's resources and facilities.
Parents who believe that their children cannot
responsible use the Library's Internet access are requested
to monitor their children's Internet use.
the Library endeavors to provide access to information of the
highest quality, the Library specifically disclaims any
warrant as to the information's accuracy, timeliness,
authoritativeness, usefulness or fitness for a particular
Library will have no liability for direct, indirect or
consequential damages related to the use of information
accessed through the Library's Internet service.
Library, having installed and enforced the operation of
filtering software in compliance with the Children's
Internet Protection Act, will have no liability for damages
related to the operation of, or failure of, the filtering
software, or for its circumvention by users.
software and information downloaded from any sources,
including the Internet, may contain computer viruses, users
are advised to utilize virus checking software on their home
Library is not responsible for damage to users' disks or
computers or for any loss of data, damage or liability that
may occur from use of the Library's computers.
decisions pertaining to placing Technology
Protection Measures (filters) on all Internet access computers
with the required safety considerations will be made by the
Library Director under this policy, and as changes are made
their procedures will be made available to the public.
to comply with this policy and its aspects will be addressed
through this Library's User Behavior Policy.
Youth Safety Policy (formerly Unattended
September 17, 2007
The Library welcomes children (generally through sixth
grade) and youth (generally through high school) and has
provided individual rooms primarily intended for their use
along with their parents, caregivers, teachers and
childcare providers. While no public place, including
the Library, can guarantee the safety of children and
youth, for their safety and welfare the following measures
Parents and caregivers
are responsible for monitoring the activities and
regulating the behavior of their children while the
children are in the library.
All children 7 years
and under shall be adequately supervised by a responsible
parent or caregiver at all times for the sake of their own
Children may be left
unattended during scheduled library programs and the
responsible person may choose to leave the building, but
he/she should plan to be at the library when the program
is scheduled to conclude. However, persons responsible
for children who have special needs related to physical or
mental ability, disruptive behavior, emotional problems,
lack of adequate attention span, incomplete social skills,
etc., shall remain with their children at all times.
Children 8 years and older may use the library unattended,
subject to the rules and regulations of this library.
If a child is left
unattended, the following procedure will be enacted:
Staff will notify a
supervisor and will stay with the child as they try to
locate the responsible person by searching nearby area or
paging on library intercom. If no name is known, page
using the child's name or physical appearance.
When such person is
located, explain the library policy in regard to children,
give them a handout, etc.
If the responsible
person is not located within a half-hour, or if the
library is closing within a half-hour, the police will be
notified and asked to pick up the child. Staff will
remain with the child in the building until parent or
If a child is reported
missing, the Library follows Code Adam procedures.
Parents reunited with children may be asked to show
Adult Use of Children's and Teen Rooms
library collections are accessible to all patrons at all
times. For the safety and welfare of children and youth -
and in keeping with the primary intended use of children's
and teen rooms for their benefit and the benefit of
parents, caregivers, teachers and childcare providers -
seating areas and public access Internet workstations
within these rooms are reserved for their intended
users. General seating and public access computer
workstations are available elsewhere in the library for
patrons not involved in the intended use of these
children's and teen rooms.
Revised January 19, 2009
supported libraries are recognized as limited public forums for
access to information and ideas. Consistent with its mission
statement, the Edith Abbott Memorial Library exists to serve the
informational, recreational, and educational needs of the
community. As such, the public's right to full use of the
library is generally unrestricted.
institution devoted to the joy of knowledge and discovery,
it is normal and appropriate for the public to enjoy their
use of the library. However, activities and behaviors that
are detrimental to the public's legitimate use and enjoyment
of the library, and to the efficient operations of the
library for the benefit of its patrons, are not permitted on
library will follow a progressive policy with patrons
exhibiting behaviors that are disruptive or abusive to the
public and/or to staff members.
patron will be asked to stop exhibiting the behavior, or be
subject to ejection from the library. If the behavior is
directed toward a staff member due to a matter of library
policy or procedure, the patron will be instructed to fill
out a Patron Concern form.
2) Further disruption or abuse will result in actual denial
of service and ejection from the library.
3) If this
subsequent action fails, library staff will have the
authority to contact the police department for resolution of
behavior or activity deemed illegal by local, state or
national statutes shall constitute grounds for immediate
contact with the police department.
In cases involving ejection from the library by the
police department, or repeated ejections by staff
members, the Library Director or a designated
supervisor is authorized to immediately bar that
person's access to Library property, and a written
stay-away notice shall be delivered to that person
by personal service or by mail addressed to that
person’s last known address.
Failure to abide by this notice shall
The barred person has the right to request
reinstatement by the Library
Upon receiving a request for reinstatement at
a regular meeting, the board shall establish a date
for a hearing on the matter.
Notice of such hearing shall be delivered to
that person by personal service or by United States
Mail. The hearing shall be conducted informally. The
barred person and Library Director shall present
oral or written statements or reasons supporting or
opposing the request for reinstatement. Statements
by each participant shall be limited to a total time
of ten minutes or less. Upon conclusion of the
hearing the Library Board may reverse, modify,
impose temporary restrictions, or affirm the
original decision. Notice of the determination of
the Library Board shall be given to the barred
person, either personally or by United States Mail.
Drinking, and Smoking in the Library
Revised July 21, 2008|
and drinking within the public areas of the Edith Abbott
Memorial Library is allowed only in designated areas and under
and study rooms (as pre-approved by a supervisor)
programs and receptions
containers of water are allowed throughout all public
areas of the library
The consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited within
all areas of the library.
within all areas of the library is prohibited.
Access of Demonstrators, Solicitors, and
Petitioners to Walkways and Entrances of the Grand Island Public
May 21, 2007|
PURPOSE: This policy is intended
to express the time, place, and manner in which people may use
the exterior areas of Grand Island Public Library property to
exercise their First Amendment constitutional rights. The
Grand Island Public Library seeks to serve its function as a
place of education, information, and quiet reflection within
the community while also functioning as a workplace for
library employees. This policy recognizes the need to provide
persons with an environment in which they may carry out their
duties in this workplace while at the same time allowing for
the free expression of views within the community.
This policy covers only the exterior hard
surfaces areas of library property including the walkways
connecting the library buildings with the sidewalks adjacent
to the public streets. This policy does not apply to the
public sidewalks adjacent to the public streets. Separate
policies regulating the time/place/manner of activity may
apply, as may separate policies governing interior spaces or
offices, parking areas, and grassed areas.
POLICY: Leafleting, political
campaigning, exhibition of signs, petition signature
gathering, political or charitable fund raising, and other
expressive activity is permitted on the exterior areas of
library property, including the connecting walkways, to the
extent otherwise permitted by law. Such activity will not be
permitted (a) on the building's exterior steps and
entranceway; (b) in any way that obstructs or otherwise
interferes with access to the building, which typically
includes an area five feet laterally from the sides of the
entrances and exits and ten feet in front of the entrances and
exits; (c) within the vestibules to the buildings: (d) on
handicap accessible ramps; (e) on vehicle parking surfaces;
(f) outside of the hours the building is open to conduct
business; or (g) any place that obstructs or interferes with
driveways to the buildings and their parking areas. Any
activity that damages public property is prohibited.
IMPLEMENTATION: Library security
personnel and library administration shall have responsibility
for enforcing this policy. The Policy Department will be
responsible for enforcement of criminal laws.
In an effort to ensure all patrons more access to library
materials, the Grand Island Public Library
has issued the following changes.
Overdue fees (for all materials)
- 25 cents per item, per day (for adult cardholders)
- 10 cents per item, per day (for juvenile cardholders)
Grace Period: If materials are
returned within seven (7) days of their date due, overdue
fees are waived.
Fines are assessed from their original due date if items are
not returned within the grace period.
Checkout privileges are suspended on individual patron
accounts when charges reach $20.00. Other library functions
where a library card is required will also be suspended
until unpaid charges fall below $20.00. Inquire at Service
not returned on time are costly in terms of:
charges have two main purposes:
time and supplies to get them back.
Diverting staff time and supplies from serving patrons
in more beneficial ways.
unable to determine when materials will be available for
- To defray the costs of getting
overdue materials back.
encourage the prompt return of these materials so there
are no overdue charges.
If you have any questions concerning these changes please
feel free to contact the library staff (385-5333).
materials can now be renewed once unless reserved by another
patron. Items can be renewed at the Circulation Desk, by
telephone (385-5333), by yourself at a library Public Access
Catalog terminal, online at
www.gilibrary.com or using one of our 24/7 services:
online from your home or office or our TeleCirc phone
Length of Loan/Renewal
(Videocasettes, DVD's, & CD's LIMIT of 5 per patron card)
Magazines, videos, DVDs, vertical file
materials, circulating encyclopedias and
Check out 1 week
Renewal 1 week
New adult fiction and non-fiction
Check out 2 weeks
Renewal 1 week
Adult books, juvenile books, young adult books,
paperbacks, tapes, CDs, and kits
Check out 3 weeks
Renewal 2 weeks
There is no nonresident card fee, and the Grand Island
Public Library participates in the state NebrasKARD program.
Interlibrary Loans: $2.00 (plus postage) per item
Copies and Print-Outs:
Mono, 8.5"x11" or 8.5"x14" - $.10/page
Mono, 11"x17" - $.20/page
Color, 8.5"x11" - $.70/page
Color, 8.5"x14" - $1.00/page
Color, 11"x17" - $1.50/page
Microfilm Reader-Printer, $.40/page
Computer Disks - $1.00 each
Replacement Fee for Lost Card: $1.00/card
for Damaged/Lost Materials: Varies; up to replacement
cost of items
Outgoing - 1st page $3.00, add'l pages $1.25
Incoming - 1st page $2.00, add'l pages $1.00
Library Bill of
The Freedom to
The Freedom to
To contest vigorously, by all lawful means, every encroachment
upon the public's freedom to view.
Library Bill of Rights
(Adopted June 18, 1949 . Amended February 2, 1961 ,
June 17, 1967 , and January 23, 1980 , by the
American Library Association
affirms that all libraries are forums for
information and ideas, and that the following basic
policies should guide their services.
Books and other library resources should be provided
for the interest, information, and enlightenment of
all people of the community the library serves.
Materials should not be excluded because of the
origin, background, or views of those contributing
to their creation.
Libraries should provide materials and information
presenting all points of view on current and
historical issues. Materials should not be
proscribed or removed because of partisan or
Libraries should challenge censorship in the
fulfillment of their responsibility to provide
information and enlightenment.
Libraries should cooperate with all persons and
groups concerned with resisting abridgment of free
expression and free access to ideas.
A person's right to use a library should not be
denied or abridged because of origin, age,
background, or views.
Libraries which make exhibit spaces and meeting
rooms available to the public they serve should make
such facilities available on an equitable basis,
regardless of the beliefs or affiliations of
individuals or groups requesting their use.
The Freedom to Read
(Endorsed by the Council of the American Library Association, on June 25, 1953 )
The freedom to read is
essential to our democracy. It is under attack.
Private groups and public authorities in various
parts of the country are working to remove books
from sale, to censor textbooks, to label
"controversial" books, to distribute lists of
"objectionable" books or author, and purge
libraries. These actions apparently rise from a view
that our national tradition of free expression is no
longer valid; that censorship and suppression are
needed to avoid the subversion of politics and the
corruption of morals. We, as citizens devoted to the
use of books and as librarians and publishers
responsible for disseminating them, wish to assert
the public interest in the preservation of the
freedom to read.
are deeply concerned about these attempts at
suppression. Most such attempts rest on a denial of
the fundamental premise of
democracy: that the ordinary citizen, by
exercising his critical judgment, will accept the
good and reject the bad. The censors, public and
private, assume that they should determine what is
good and what is bad for their fellow- citizens.
trust Americans to recognize propaganda, and to
reject obscenity. We do not believe they need the
help of censors to assist them in this task. We do
not believe they are prepared to sacrifice their
heritage of a free press in order to be "protected"
against what others think may be bad for them. We
believe they still favor free enterprise in ideas
are aware, of course, that books are not alone in
being subjected to efforts at suppression. We are
aware that these efforts are related to a larger
pattern of pressures being brought against
education, the press, films, radio, television. The
problem is not only one of actual censorship. The
shadow of fear cast by these pressures leads, we
suspect, to an even larger voluntary curtailment of
expression by those who seek to avoid controversy.
Such pressure toward conformity is perhaps natural to a
time of uneasy change and pervading fear. Especially
when so many of our apprehensions are directed
against an ideology, the expression of a dissident
idea becomes a thing feared in itself, and we tend
to move against it as against a hostile deed, with
yet suppression is never more dangerous than in such
a time of social tension. Freedom has given the United States the elasticity to
endure strain. Freedom deeps open the path of novel
and creative solutions, and enables change to come
by choice. Every silencing of a heresy, every
enforcement of an orthodoxy, diminishes the
toughness and resilience of our society and leaves
it the less able to deal with stress.
as always in our history, books are among our
greatest instruments of freedom. They are almost the
only means for making generally available ideas or
manners of expression that can initially command
only a small audience. They are the natural medium
for the new idea and the untried voice from which
come the original contributions to social growth.
They are essential to the extended discussion which
serious thought requires, and to the accumulation of
knowledge and ideas into organized collections.
believe that free communication is essential to the
preservation of a free society and a creative
culture. We believe that these pressures towards
conformity present the danger of limiting the range
and variety of inquiry and expression on which our
democracy and our culture depend. We believe that
every American community must jealously guard the
freedom to publish and to circulate, in order to
preserve its own freedom to read by making it
possible for the reader to choose freely from a
variety of offerings.
freedom to read is guaranteed by the Constitution.
Those with faith in free men will stand firm on
these constitutional guarantees of essential rights
and will exercise the responsibilities that
accompany these rights.
We therefore affirm these propositions:
It is the public interest for publishers and
librarians to make available the widest diversity of
views and expressions, including those which are
unorthodox or unpopular with the majority.
Creative thought is by definition new, and what is new is
different. The bearer of every new thought is a
rebel until his idea is refined and tested.
Totalitarian systems attempt to maintain themselves
in power by the ruthless suppression of any concept
which challenges the established orthodoxy. The
power of a democratic system to adapt to change is
vastly strengthened by the freedom of its citizens
to choose widely from among conflicting opinions
offered freely to them. To stifle every
nonconformist idea a birth would mark the end of the
democratic process. Furthermore, only through the
constant activity of weighing and selecting can the
democratic mind attain the strength demanded by
times like these. We need to know not only what we
believe but why we believe it.
Publishers and librarians do not need to endorse
every idea or presentation contained in the books
they make available. It would conflict with the
public interest for them to establish their own
political, moral, or aesthetic views as the sole
standard for determining what books should be
published or circulated.
Publishers and librarians serve the educational
process by helping to make available knowledge and
ideas required for the growth of the mind and the
increase of learning. They do not foster education
by imposing as mentors the patterns of their own
thought. The people should have the freedom to read
and consider a broader range of ideas than those
that may be held by any single librarian or
publisher or government or church. It is wrong that
what one man can read should be confined to what
another thinks proper.
It is contrary to the public interest for publishers
or librarians to determine the acceptability of a
book solely on the basis of the personal history or
political affiliations of the author.
book should be judged as a book. No art or
literature can flourish if it is to be measured by
the political views of private lives of its
creators. No society of free men can flourish which
draws up lists of writers to whom it will not
listen, whatever they may have to say.
The present laws dealing with obscenity should be
vigorously enforced. Beyond that, there is no place
in our society for extralegal efforts to coerce the
taste of others, to confine adults to the reading
matter deemed suitable for adolescents, or to
inhibit the efforts of writers to achieve artistic
some, much of modern literature is shocking. But is
not much of life itself shocking? We cut off
literature at the source if we prevent serious
artists from dealing with the stuff of life. Parents
and teachers have a responsibility to prepare the
young to meet the diversity of experiences in life
to which they will be exposed, as they have a
responsibility to help them learn to think
critically for themselves. These are affirmative
responsibilities, not to be discharged simply by
preventing them from reading works for which they
are not yet prepared. In these matters taste
differs, and taste cannot be legislated; nor can
machinery be devised which will suit the demands of
one group without limiting the freedom of others. We
deplore the catering to the immature, the retarded,
or the maladjusted taste. But those concerned with
freedom have the responsibility of seeing to it that
each individual book or publication, whatever its
contents, price or method of distribution, is dealt
with in accordance with due process of law.
It is not the public interest to force a reader to
accept with any book the prejudgment of a label
characterizing the book or author as subversive or
idea of labeling presupposes the existence of
individuals or groups with wisdom to determine by
authority what is good or bad for the citizen. It
presupposes that each individual must be directed in
making up his mind about the ideas he examines. But
Americans do not need others to do their thinking
It is the responsibility of publishers and
librarians, as guardians of the people's freedom to
read, to contest encroachments upon that freedom by
individuals or groups seeking to impose their own
standards or tastes upon the community at large.
It is inevitable in the
give and take of the democratic process that the
political, the moral, or the aesthetic concepts of
an individual or group will occasionally collide
with those of another individual or group. In a free
society each individual is free to determine for
himself what he wishes to read, and each group is
free to determine what it will recommend to its
freely associated members. But no group has the
right to take the law into its own hands, and to
impose its own concept of politics or morality upon
other members of a democratic society. Freedom is no
freedom if it is accorded only to the accepted and
It is the responsibility of publishers and
librarians to give full meaning to the freedom to
read by providing books that enrich the quality of
thought and expression. By the exercise of this
affirmative responsibility, bookmen can demonstrate
that the answer to a bad book is a good one, the
answer to a bad idea is a good one.
freedom to read is of little consequence when
expended on the trivial; it is frustrated when the
reader cannot obtain matter fit for his purpose.
What is needed is not only the absence of restraint,
but the positive provision of opportunity for the
people to read the best that has been thought and
said. Books are the major channel by which the
intellectual inheritance is handed down, and the
principal means of its testing and growth. The
defense of their freedom and integrity, and the
enlargement of their service to society, require of
all bookmen the utmost of their faculties, and
deserve of all citizens the fullest of their
state these propositions neither lightly nor as easy
generalizations. We here stake out a lofty claim for
the value of books. We do so because we believe that
they are good, possessed of enormous variety and
usefulness, worthy of cherishing and keeping free.
We realize that the application of these
propositions may mean the dissemination of ideas and
manners of expression that are repugnant to many
persons. We do not state these propositions in the
comfortable belief that what people read is
unimportant. We believe rather that what people read
is deeply important; that ideas can be dangerous;
but that the suppression of ideas can be dangerous;
but that the suppression of ideas is fatal to a
democratic society. Freedom itself is a dangerous
way of life, but it is ours.
Freedom to View
(Endorsed by the ALA Council in June 1979 and
The FREEDOM TO VIEW,
along with the freedom to speak, to hear, and to
read, is protected by the First Amendment to the
Constitution of the United States . In a free society,
there is no place for censorship of any medium of
expression. Therefore these principles are affirmed:
To provide the broadest possible access to film, video, and
other audio-visual materials because they are a
means for the communication of ideas.
of circulation is essential to insure the
constitutional guarantee of freedom of expression.
2. To protect the confidentiality of all individuals
and institutions using film, video, and other
3. To provide film, video, and other audio-visual
materials which represent a diversity of views and
expression. Selection of a work does not constitute
or imply agreement with or approval of the content.
4. To provide a diversity of viewpoints without the
constraint of labeling or prejudging film, video and
other audio-visual materials on the basis of the
moral, religious, or political beliefs of the
producer or filmmaker or on the basis of
5. To contest vigorously, by all lawful means, every
encroachment upon the public's freedom to view.